D40.3: Summary of Basic Minimum Requirements

Regulations pertinent to Alberta well testing are contained in the Oil and Gas Conservation  Regulations. Section 11.102 authorizes #AER Directive 40 (D40) to set well test requirements and standard procedures, as well as compliance and enforcement protocols. Well licensee’s must comply with all minimum requirements defined in D40. Failure to comply will result in enforcement, which escalates in steps up to an ordered shut-in of wells, pools, or units. All tests must also comply with the acceptable survey standards outlined in D40....

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Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Exploitation Correlations. Exploitation correlation plots can be developed for specific fields and pools. Enough tests and end-results need to be monitored so correlations can be observed. Eventually these plots are used for making on-site real-time tie-in or fracture treatment decisions. In some documented cases tie-in decisions were literally being made five minutes after perforating a well by plotting a hand-held pressure point (dimensionless) on the correlation chart. In-line gas (#LNG) deliverability (AOF) tests were conducted later for...

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Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Proving Movable Reserves. In this example a high permeability sandstone overlaid a shale zone. Decline curve analysis indicated natural gas (#LNG) reserves greater than volumetrics could justify. It was hypothesized that the shale gas reserves migrated vertically, due to pressure differential, to be produced with the sandstone reserves. The shale was perforated first and exhibited a pressure increase, thus proving additional movable gas reserves. The second perforation response was from the high permeability (high #AOF) sandstone. The PID...

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Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Perforation Inflow Distribution Diagnostic (PIDD) Tests. The PID #welltest is analogous to production logging when two or more intervals are perforated. Based on changes to the Dp/Dt slope, gas (#LNG) inflow and AOF ratios can be estimated. Starting with the interval of least anticipated influx potential, multiple perforation runs are conducted. Subsequent to each perforation run, pressures are allowed to build up for a set period of time, being a function of permeability and rate of pressure increase. It may be necessary to blow down the...

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Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Welltest 106: Impulse & Closed Chamber Tests

Perforation Inflow Distribution Diagnostic (PIDD) Tests. The PID #welltest is analogous to production logging when two or more intervals are perforated. Based on changes to the Dp/Dt slope, gas (#LNG) inflow and AOF ratios can be estimated. Starting with the interval of least anticipated influx potential, multiple perforation runs are conducted. Subsequent to each perforation run, pressures are allowed to build up for a set period of time, being a function of permeability and rate of pressure increase. It may be necessary to blow down the...

read more